Healthy life+scientific fitness Stroke can be prevented and controlled
When it comes to stroke, we will not feel strange. Cerebral apoplexy, also known as "stroke", is an acute cerebrovascular disease. Its cause is a group of diseases that cause brain tissue damage due to sudden rupture of cerebral blood vessels or blood blockage that prevents blood from flowing into the brain. It is usually divided into two categories: ischemic and hemorrhagic. The symptoms caused by cerebral apoplexy in different parts are also different.
According to the data, stroke is a major disease that affects the health of the people in China, and can lead to limb paralysis, language disorder, dysphagia, cognitive impairment, mental depression, etc. It has the characteristics of high incidence rate, high recurrence rate, high disability rate, high mortality rate, and heavy economic burden. According to the China Stroke Report 2019 (English Version) released in August 2020, in 2018, the mortality rate of stroke in China was 149.49/100000, accounting for 22.3% of the total mortality rate of Chinese residents. Stroke has become the first cause of premature death and disease burden.
However, stroke is "preventable and controllable". Early active control of stroke risk factors and standardized stroke treatment can effectively reduce the incidence rate, recurrence rate, disability rate and mortality of stroke, and improve the prognosis of stroke.
So, for most people, how to judge whether there is a stroke? In this regard, Yu Xiaoyan, a researcher of Ningxia Sports Science and Technology Center, introduced that it is usually possible to participate in the "FAST" and "BEFAST" judgment methods to judge whether a person has a stroke, namely, to observe whether the two sides of the patient's face are symmetrical and whether the corners of the mouth are skewed when smiling. Arms: Whether the arm suddenly becomes weak or numb, usually on one side of the body. Whether Speech is difficult to understand. Time In case of illness, seek medical advice in time. The "BEFAST" judgment method is based on the "FAST" judgment method, and two additional judgment contents are added to prevent missed diagnosis. The added contents are: Balance (balance) to observe whether the patient has loss of Balance or coordination ability, sudden walking difficulties and other phenomena. Eyes: sudden loss of vision or double vision. If the patient has the above symptoms, he/she should seek medical advice in time and remember the time of onset. Because different duration of the disease determines different treatment plans.
Yu Xiaoyan further introduced: "According to the research of the national health department, hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, and living habits are closely related to the occurrence of stroke. Among them, hypertension is the first risk factor for stroke, with 63% to 84.2% of stroke patients accompanied by hypertension. The rise of stroke incidence rate and mortality is closely related to the rise of blood pressure. The higher the blood pressure, the higher the risk of stroke. Dyslipidemia and ischemic stroke occur There is a significant correlation between the rates. Therefore, lowering blood pressure, controlling blood lipids and maintaining healthy weight can reduce the risk of stroke. "
Yu Xiaoyan said that in order to prevent the occurrence of stroke, regular physical examination should be carried out first. Regular monitoring should be carried out for the problems that may cause stroke found in the physical examination, and targeted measures should be taken when necessary to reduce the occurrence of disease. Secondly, research shows that smoking ban, salt control, eating more fresh fruits and vegetables, regular physical exercise, avoiding excessive drinking, reducing fat intake, etc. are necessary factors to prevent stroke. In addition, for patients with diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia and other diseases, drug treatment should be taken in time to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and prevent stroke.
In addition, Yu Xiaoyan said: "For strengthening physical exercise, it is recommended that everyone should exercise for at least 30 minutes a day, 150 minutes a week in total, and moderate or more exercise (the heart rate should reach 120 times/minute or more during exercise) 。 However, it should be noted that for people with high blood pressure, some violent sports, such as fast running, football and basketball games with strong antagonism, need to be carefully involved. This is because when the human body is doing strenuous exercise, it can make the sense nerve excited, causing a sharp rise in blood pressure and a faster heartbeat. At the same time, a lot of sweating caused by strenuous exercise will also increase the blood viscosity, leading to stroke and angina pectoris. In addition, improper anaerobic exercise for a long time will also cause excessive burden on the heart. If the patient has heart disease, it will cause acute myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, or even 'sudden death'. Therefore, it is suggested that people with potential stroke should choose jogging, jogging, swimming and other items as far as possible, and the effect will be better if they are assisted by resistance training. " (Transferred from the 06 edition of China Sports News on May 12)